Sexual abuse of children is not always committed by adults, children sexually abuse other children too.
Sexual abuse of a child involves forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities. It is not necessary for the child to understand or be aware of what is happening. Abuse may include physical sexual contact, including rubbing, touching or masturbation inside or out side of the clothes. Also rape or oral sex which is penetration.
Other types of sexual abuse could be encouraging the child to engage in sexual activity with another child or taking part in pornography, sexual activity with others, watching sexual acts, taking sexual images or viewing sexual images. This may be grooming a child, in person or on the internet or encouraging them to behave sexually inappropriately.